Carbohydrate Research

1. In the last few decades, the prevalence of obesity has risen dramatically. The rise in obesity is thought to correlate with the increased intake of added sugar and/or the large-scale consumption of “junk food”. As a student of Chemistry and Biochemistry you have been asked to explain why John, who is 18 years old, is at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. John consumes a large amount of fried chips (carbohydrate rich meal) with most meals and weighs 40 kg more than the recommended weight for his age. In your explanation, outline the processes involved in the digestion, absorption and metabolism of carbohydrate.I. Explain the metabolic pathways/processes involved in the digestion, absorption and metabolism of the carbohydrate rich meals that John consumes. (Word limit =700 words)II. Explain how John’s over-consumption of carbohydrate rich meals has caused him to become obese (excess fat stored in the adipose tissue) and why he is now at risk of developing type II diabetes by: • Providing background information about what the disease(s) and condition(s) (relevant to the case) actually are, and how the disease(s) and condition(s) are linked • Linking the disease(s) and condition(s) (relevant to the case) back to the metabolic pathways/processes identified in part 1 (Word limit = 500 words)

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