1. What is an abolitionist? A retentionist? 2. What moral principles do abolitionists generally appeal to? 3. What moral principles do retentionists appeal to? 4. What fundamental moral principles do both abolitionists and retentionists accept? 5. For what crime is the death penalty usually reserved? 6. How many states now use capital punishment in their criminal justice system? 7. In 1972, what Supreme Court case temporarily halted executions in the United States? 8. For what kinds of offenders has the Supreme Court banned the use of the death penalty? 9. What is the deterrence argument against capital punishment? 10. What is the difference between first- degree murder, second- degree murder, and manslaughter?