Effects of Language and Communication Styles

Length: 4 fully typed pages or 1200 words. NOTE: Failure to meet the minimum paper length will result in a 10 point deduction. This penalty applies regardless of spacing and font size errors.
Format: MLA, Times New Roman, 12 pt. font. For this essay, students will also use in-text citations and a Works Cited page.
Research: Four sources, as indicated by the instructor. NOTE: Failure to meet this requirement will result in a 10 point deduction.
Purpose: To inform an academic audience.
To analyze the effects of language or communication using two readings and two researched sources.
To understand and apply the key principles of essay organization and development.
To apply the rules of Standard Written English.
Students will read selected essays as directed by the instructor—ones that focus on the impact of language and communication on human thinking and interactions.
Students will develop essays that set forth some of the major effects of topic, integrating specified readings into their essays.
It is acceptable for students to incorporate their own ideas into their essays, illustrating some effects not mentioned during class discussion.
NOTE: Interviews with friends and family are acceptable sources, but are supplemental to the four required texts.
Students will practice gathering research materials by locating specific peer-reviewed articles as determined and/or approved by the instructor.
Students will plan the essay. They will adhere to the guidelines set forth by the instructor in terms of Introduction, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusion (see outline model below).
Students will develop suitable thesis statements and suitable topic sentences, and they will use transitions to show connections between ideas.
Students will develop their essays by identifying major effects and by providing examples and other supporting materials.
Students will present in-text citations according to MLA guidelines.
Students will create a valid, properly formatted Works Cited page according to MLA guidelines.
Students will demonstrate proficiency in terms of Standard Written English—including the avoidance of the “major errors”: Misspellings, Agreement Errors, Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices, Fused Sentences, and Improper Verb Forms.
Students must submit the essay to Safe Assign.
Source Requirements:
Four sources are required! You can provide more if you wish. You may, for example, even use all of the sources for this unit we consider in class.
Essays from the WTR:

Rodriquez, Richard. “The Lonely Good Company of Books.”

Tan, Amy. “Mother Tongue.”

Tannen, Deborah. “Sex, Lies and Conversations; Why is it so Hard for Men and Women to Talk to Each Other?”

Depending on your topic, you may use other readings from The Wake Tech Reader we have not covered. For example, if you choose how technology affects or impacts language as your topic, then you may any of the readings from the The Wake Tech Reader’s Technology and Science section from the thematic Table of Contents at the front of the book.

You may also present information and examples from your own experience, but consider that such anecdotal information is not as reliable as information from peer-reviewed sources, and accordingly should generally be used with caution. Also, anecdotal sources should be considered as supplemental, or as extra. They will not count as one of the four required sources.
3. Any other sources from your own research are permitted only with instructor approval before submission of the first draft.
Evaluation Organizational Pattern—Some Possibilities
Introduction (6-10 sentences):
Identify the topic, generally.
You may consider an anecdote about language/communication, or a series of statements about the importance/influence of language.
You may pose a series of provocative questions.
Provide your thesis at the end of your introduction. For this assignment, you will want to provide a general statement about the effects of communication and language.
This thesis may discuss a rather broad approach (education, socialization, etc.), or it may focus in a fairly specific way on one or two topics (gender, ethnic, family).
Your thesis may present all good effects or all bad effects—or a mix of good and bad effects, but save particulars for the body paragraphs. You do not have to list all of the effects in your thesis, but you should have a mental list or outline list, which you will use in topic sentences as you write the body paragraphs.

Body (7-15 sentences in each body paragraph):
Provide a topic sentence that identifies a specific effect (or cluster of effects).
Discuss the effect thoroughly, bringing in your sources to help guide discussion. (Consider that you will probably want to provide some direct quotes in your body paragraphs).
Then proceed with your other body paragraphs in the same manner, identifying one major effect per paragraph and analyzing its significance.
Be sure to document in-text citations.
Provide transitions between body paragraphs, and between important ideas within the paragraphs as you develop the evaluation.

Other Body Paragraphs:
You may occasionally need a paragraph that provides one extended example (or a series of examples) in support of the effect you have identified. Present such paragraphs right after the effect being discussed—and provide a topic sentence.

Conclusion (4-6 sentences):
Revisit your thesis, reminding the reader of the overall effects of communication and language on people.
Generalize, discussing possible future effects or providing warnings.
Strive for a last sentence with impact! Don’t just trail off. . . .
Remember leave the reader with a final thought on the topic of your paper. You ultimately want them to leave your paper thinking about some effect.

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