Genetic Processes Lab Report

The virtual experiment will give instructions through written notes or you can listen to audio instructions.

This experiment will have a journal with tables and answers to questions that you can save and print. However, you will be writing a formal laboratory report using the format identified below in the part labeled – “ Lab Report. Format”

You can answer journal questions and fill in data on the program for the sake of reference. However, the graded product is a formal lab report.

Lab Report Format


Title – Put your name, date and the course code on the upper right hand corner of your lab report. Centre the title of the lab below this. Please do not include a separate title page.

Each of the following sections should fall under a bolded or underlined title in your report to make everything look organized and easy to follow.


Introduction – Provide background information about the subject of the lab. Explain the concepts underlying the lab as if you were explaining them to someone who had never taken a chemistry class before. Use pictures or diagrams to demonstrate your points and label them as Figures with titles. If you do use Figures, refer to them in your introduction (i.e. as can be seen below in Figure 1). End your introduction with a final sentence that leads the reader into the rest of the report, ex. “This lab will examine the properties of four substances…”

Question – Create a question about what you are trying to find out in the experiment. Often re-stating the Purpose in the form of a question will lead you to a strong, testable, experimental question.

Hypothesis – State a hypothesis – what you think will be the result of the experiment as well as what you are basing your prediction on. If there is more than one part to the lab, you should have a hypothesis for each part of the experiment.

Materials and Procedure – these are generally provided to you on a lab handout or in the textbook. Simply put the title along with a reference to the handout or page in the textbook. For example,
“See Materials and Procedure listed on the lab handout titled ‘Properties of Substances’”.

Observations – Data collected during the experiment. This should be shown in table form, or in numerous tables if necessary. Tables should be NUMBERED and TITLED (ex. “Table 1: Rate of Formation of Oxygen at the TOP of the table. Note that “Observations” is NOT a title. Your title should clearly explain what information is being presented. Similarly, if any graphs, pictures or diagrams appear in this section, they are called Figures. Figures are also NUMBERED and TITLED (ex. Figure 1: Colours observed for acidic and basic pHs) at the BOTTOM of the figure.

Analysis and Discussion – If any calculations need to be completed for the experiment, they should be done here. Discuss your results and how they pertain to the hypothesis. Even if it is not explicitly stated to refer to your hypothesis, it is extremely important to mention how your results compared to what you thought would occur. Explain your findings in terms of the science behind them, and provide reasons why any data collected was not as you expected/what should have occurred. This is the largest and most important part of your lab, and research may need to be completed to explain all your observations and findings. When discussing your observations, make sure you reference your tables or figures (ex. As can be seen in Table 1). Note: questions placed in the Analysis or Discussion section of your lab handout are to be answered here, but they are to lead you in the general direction of what needs to be discussed. Expand and explain your findings fully. This whole section should be in paragraph form and should not simply be numbered answers to the questions.

Conclusion – Summarize your findings in a few sentences by answering the question at the beginning of the report. Describe how your results compared to your hypothesis.

Extension Questions – Often the lab experiment will require you to apply your newly found knowledge to additional questions. Answer any “Extension Questions” in this section of your report. You also do not need to depend on extension questions. If , in your readings or movies that you have watched or phenomena that you have observed yourself, you see application of the science concept in this experiment, include it in this part of the lab report.

FINAL NOTE ABOUT FORMAT: Your report should fall under the headings above. It should be typed in 12 pt font and double spaced and in an easy-to-read, professional looking font( Times New Roman or Arial) .  Lab reports are never written in first person (I, me, etc.) and should also not include any second person (you). Always use third person throughout the entire report. It should also be written in past tense.

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