Explain two important effects of imperialism for Europeans and two for native populations in Africa and Asia? How did people in China and India eventually respond to European imperialism?4. Discuss the causes of the Great War (World War I) and the reasons for the Allies’ victory. Was any one nation more responsible than others for the war?  Why was France so determined to punish Germany after the war? Was the punishment just? 5. What circumstances were conducive to the rise of dictatorships and the decline of democracies between 1918 and 1939, particularly in Italy and Germany? What were three important similarities between Italian fascism and German Nazism. What made German Nazism and Italian Fascism such aggressive, even warmongering, ideologies?  6. Various writers have suggested that the twentieth century’s World Wars in their European contexts were in fact civil wars between competing ideologies, one representing progressive ideas and values that originated in the Enlightenment, and the other, the antithesis of progressive ideas and values. Discuss.Bonus: Answer either A or B (if you answer both, only the first one will count). Twenty to twenty-five words should suffice. A. Based on your study of history this semester, what is the best answer to the following question: “why has there been so much warfare in history?” An answer more sophisticated than human greed (which may be a product of specific economic and social forces rather than a product of human nature) is necessary. (2 points)B. Identify and briefly explain two important values (beware of confusing value with institution. Government, education, religion, etc. are institutions) found in the history of world civilizations since 1600 that we ought to cultivate in the 21st century. For more information on Laissez-Faire read this:

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