Guidelines: 1- As a general rule, the summary of each article should behalf of the original article. That is, if the original article is 10 pages long, your summary can be 4 or 5 pages long. 2- Use the same organizational framework of the original article. Lets take an example: The Relationship between Language and Culture by David Elmes. Abstract – Your Summary Introduction – Your Summary Language and Culture – Your Summary The relationship between language and culture – Your Summary Implications for language education and language policy – Your Summary Concluding thoughts – Your Summary Part Two: Personal Contributions Here, you need to show how knowledgeable, you are, using the same patterns in your summary. 1. Language and culture – Contribution 2. The relationship between language and culture – Contribution 3. Implications – Contribution 4.Conclusion – Contribution.