Answer questions and respond to them in a coherent essay. 1. Explain what the term alienation means and identify the first sociologist to use it. Provide a detailed example illustrating a case of alienation. 2. Sociologists have offered several different explanations for the rise in the divorce rate in the U.S. in recent decades. Choose two of those explanations, and (a) briefly describe their main points, (b) state which explanation makes the most sense to you, and (c) give the reasons why. 3. What is the difference between nurture and nature? Explain how each contributes to human behavior. Discuss the one that you think is more important, using an example and explaining why. 4. Define socialization and then: a. Name three agents of socialization, explaining what each one is and giving a detailed illustration of how it affects a persons life. b. Explain what you learned about socialization from the studies of Danielle.