The Iliad and the Odyssey

It’s a research paper and I need you to do an intro. It’s a research paper and annotated bibliographies. Here’s what I have so far. I just want you to add on, also make your writing sound like mine as I’m not the best writer. Through my research, I’ve come to realize this fact Both the Iliad and the Odyssey depict heroes who seek revenge to satisfy there desires. Achilles, for example, kills Hektor to avenge the death of Patroklos. Achilles goes as far as to mutilate hectors corpse by tieing him to the back of his chariot and dragging him across the fields around Troy. To readers of modern times, revenge his considered harmful. But I think that homer was trying to convey this message. Revenge was a form of justice and that through this form of justice. But the attack was a form of justice. In both the Iliad and the Odessy, revenge is seen as justice in the protagonists’ eyes. Stanton, Judith (1984). Research Note: A New Perspective on Revenge and Justice in Homer. Bridgewater Review, 2(2), 26-27. Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/br_rev/vol2/iss2/13 Judith Stanton argues that modern readers see Achilles’ actions of revenge against Hector is exceptionally erratic. But revenge was A way to administer justice that heroes like Achilles claim to believe they needed. Attack was a necessary tool for punishment. Stanton suggests that though revenge may be crude in our eyes today, in fact, in the ancient times of homer is was utterly natural. Achilles knew what he was doing, but he felt that Hector needed punishment for killing Patroklos. Achilles then exacted this punishment.  I think that to the ancient Greeks, revenge was a form of justice that would be considered the norm of the day. An excellent example of true revenge slash justice is when odysseys finally make it home. From the book, he cries, “With a dark look, the wily fighter Odysseus shouted back, / ‘You dogs! you never imagined I’d return from Troy – / so cocksure that you bled my house to death, ravished my serving -women – wooed my wife / behind my back while I was still alive! / No fear of the gods who rule the skies up there, / no fear that men’s revenge might arrive someday – / now all your necks are in the noose – your doom is sealed!'” (Homer, The Odyssey, 22:35-42). In my opinion, the people of Ithaca that turned away from Odysseus got what they deserved, and that revenge became a justice. Loney, A. (2015). EURYKLEIA’S SILENCE AND ODYSSEUS’ ENORMITY: THE MULTIPLE MEANINGS OF ODYSSEUS’ TRIUMPHS. Ramus, 44(1-2), 52-74. DOI:10.1017/rmu.2015.3 Here professor Alexander Loney reflects on Odyseesus triumph over the suitors he’s got revenge on. There I feel that Homer tells us the satisfaction of justice. Years the authors have ravaged Odyseesus home by drinking and staying there. Were the suitors only wanted Odysseus lands and Titles. Here Odysseus gets a sentence. And homers teachings come to fruition. Odysseus receives his revenge. And I got to agree with Alex Loney. That revenge though it may have justice is dark and foreboding. Though during this time, justice and revenge go hand in hand, according to Alex Loney, he claims that when Odysseus gets his revenge, he becomes a darker version of his former self. Maybe that’s what homer was trying to convey in his writings. In my opinion, I believe that homer truly believes that revenge and justice go hand in hand. But you also lose a bit of humanity when revenge is administered. Maybe that’s why Achilles gruesomely killed Hector as his soul darkened through malice. Ransom, Revenge, and Heroic Identity in the Iliad, by Donna F. Wilson. Cambridge University Press, 2002. ISBN 0-521-80660-7. Pp 248. Donna F. Wilson claims that Achilles and Agmenmon were bitter rivals. In fact, the reason why Achilles refused to fight was because of Agamemnon. Wilson argues that this was done to the treatment that Achilles took from Agamemnon. Achilles and Agamemnon hated each other. And according to Wilson Achilles truly wanted to humiliate Agamemnon. Wilson uses a broad term of knowledge to explain why Achillies didn’t kill Agamemnon. But in my best of knowledge, it is because Athena wants Agmenmon alive. So Achilles just doesn’t do anything. I believe that this is a homer telling of Achilly’s minor justice. Agamemnon was a greedy man and Achillies felt that humiliation would do Agmenmon greatly. I feel that homer tells the audience how revenge can be big or small.

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