Use of Logic In Triffles

Trifles take the form of a classic murder mystery. The characters, to varying degrees, try to solve the murder of Mr. Wright although they focus on different things and use different techniques. By the end of the play, it’s clear that the women–with their focus on trifles– solve the murder while the men are still left clueless. In this essay, you’re going to analyze the characters’ use of logic (or misuse of logic when you identify logical fallacies) to explain why the women were able to solve the murder Requirements: ? At least 1750 words ? Argumentative thesis statement in the last position of first paragraph ? Analysis of logic, which may include premises, syllogisms, and logical fallacies ? Quotations with parenthetical citations using MLA style ? Header with name, date, class and final word count Your essay will be graded on (1) the strength of argument, (2) the specificity of your thesis, and (3) your use of textual evidence (this includes your selection of quotes and your analysis of them). In addition to writing your essay, you are required to include a self-reflection. suggested key terms to use 1. Assumption: Unexamined beliefs 2. Premise: Stated assumptions used as reasons in argument 3. Syllogism: The conclusion produced by the joining of two premises–statements taken to be true 4. Sound argument: An argument is sound if all premises are true and the syllogism is valid. 5. Deduction: The mental process of moving from one statement through another to yet a further statement. To put it another way, deduction takes beliefs and assumptions and extracts their hidden consequences. The deduction does NOT give any new information. 6. Induction: Uses information about observed cases to reach a conclusion about unobserved cases (often using inferences and generalizations). An example of how Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters use logic to solve the case Syllogism #2: Premise #1: The birdcage was damaged (Glaspell 971). Premise #2: Mr. Wright was a “hard man” (Glaspell 972). Premise #3: The bird’s neck was snapped. Syllogism: Mr. Wright was capable of being abusive (he was a “hard man”) and he killed the bird. This syllogism is valid because the assumptions seem to be true based on the information that we have in the play. This syllogism is important because it reveals Mrs. Wright’s motive for killing Mr. Wright. (You could create an entirely new syllogism that explains why the bird was so important to Mrs. Wright in the first place–according to the reasoning of Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters.)

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